A clear perspective on few of Mixing teething problems

Hi All,

It’s been a long time since i have written a blog in a while now. I had been too preoccupied working on few of my projects and nothing in particular much inspired me. But came a time, where few thoughts popped up and inspired me to share it ahead with you all. I just hope the knowledge and the insights i have derived from my journey will definitely help you to move ahead in your music endeavor too.

So we have read a lot about this-mixing and mastering magic that brings us to wonder about what it actually is and how great mixers have achieved it. There have been blogs and videos giving free advice and knowledge and tips and tricks to get the best mix. And somewhere it is really overwhelming to read it all and comprehend it in to a nutshell. Probably the topic is really wide and a big thesis in itself.

I have been on a journey and have settled down at a place where i can talk about few things about this magic and can share the troubles i went through as a beginner.  So i am just about to share it with you all.

All of you, those who have been beginners at mixing, will end up messing with the low frequencies in track. Mixing a drum and a bass, getting them sit together in a punchy way, so that they dont fall apart at various other sound refrences would be one challenge we would face.

Most of the time, you could end up having a muddy mix, which happens as a very early common mistake.

We could end up compressing , over compressing every little sound we know and can end up clipping stem, or various stems and even the master and end up having a distorted signal neglecting it. While we know , it should not clip, we will do these silly mistakes in our early stages.

Putting too much of reverbs. Wow they sound so cool, and pulling in the best signature plugin compressor we know that gives an instant raise in the volume making it sound big and cool. Yes. we make these mistakes as a beginner and we will do it inspite of reading the “do’s and “don’ts” several times at various mixing blogs. The point is: Little will go a long way. Not every element in the mix has to be wet. Few can be kept dry.

You will make more mistakes if you are doing it all on your own. Learning this skill from an expert will reduce your pain and failures and you will reach your mix sound quicker with less problems. A knowledgeable person you trust or a mentor is always better to learn from than doing it all on your own.

You need to fail a couple of times until you get that first clean mix. It’s like learning to ride a bicycle. How will you be able to learn a cycle until you don’t sit and fall a bit and learn to gain balance. It never happened the first time right? So you have to get used to a few trials until you start gaining a clean sound. A great mix is and will be a part of your evolving though. There are always milestones you achieve in a mixing process.

One of the other mistakes that’s common is mixing endless for hours. We need to learn to take breaks in between and get a fresh ear to come back to the mix to have our ears perceive the sound neutrally. Our ears will loose the objectivity after a while. for eg: What was heard as good will suddenly sound trash after six hours of mixing. Your ears will no longer be able to distinguish good sound from bad. So mix taking small breaks in between. Your state of mind and body will also affect the way you perceive sound. A composed mind will be able to have a balanced perception of the sound image as a whole. A happy filled tummy will be able to reflect well on the goal of achieving a good sound. So make sure you have this list ticked before you begin mixing.

Most of the beginners may not have good acoustic. And hence they need to learn to have the second reference or the third reference depending upon the challenges. It will take time to develop that ear to know what it sounds exactly like in a car, on various headphones, small earbuds or on a monitor.

Initially you may not know, what you want in your mix, how you want your mix like, and why you are taking decisions to do and what will you achieve by doing so. This will only develop over time. You will gain insights gradually. You will develop your own effects and method.

Most people say mixing is magic. But let me say: Mixing is a gradual process. It begins with learning the fundamental principles of sound, knowing the science of it. Why we do the way we do. What we shall achieve by doing so. And then applying it as a whole. It is about taking creative decisions at each stage to get that tall, wide and deep mixes. It’s only post learning the science of it, that the applied art aspect comes in to being, post which it turns out to be a magic.

As a beginner, you could be overwhelmed with the kind of plugins available and end up pulling them on every signal to think how glittery great your art has become. But let me say, once you have learnt utilising each to their potential, will you learn to stick to simplicity. Overusing plugins is  a very common mistake most of the beginners do. I have it all and i would love to use them all. And it will make my sound really awesome. Well no! you dont need to eq and compress and put reverbs and delays and effects everywhere. Not everything has to be processed and over processed.

Another common problem could be putting reverbs and delays and effects directly on the signal chain. Most of them do this way and end up with a muddy mix. Instead put them on the auxiliary return and mix the dry to wet signal.

We all want our sound elements thick in the mix. We could end up compressing everything we know and end up with a overcompressed yet harsh signals.

Mixing is an incremental skillset. And it will develop over time. You may not be able to distinguish different kind of mixes, reference tracks in the beginning.

Say for example: Not all genre will need punchy drums and big bass.

A hiphop track will go good with great tight punchy drums and nice bass, and wide synths and Rap vocals that will do just good with a little compression, and a little space reverb along with the adlibs that have effects. You wont need those nice big reverbs on rap vocals. Mostly rap vocals are dry. Check this link to see how i mixed this track so you would know:

Check how every sound element is heard clearly and how drums are punchy along with the bass sitting tight. And the snares and the percussive elements. This is one of my favourite mixes.

A ballad will just do good with soft drums and big vocals, on the face with lots of reverbs and emotional detailing. Check out this sound, to see what i am talking about drums in this track. A mix should be able to convey the emotions of the song. A ballad cannot be banging with big kicks and snares and bass. It is subtle.


So you should know how each genre sounds like. What are the kind of mixes for each genre. There is a lot of information on the internet to know how each mix sounds in each genre.

There is no right or wrong in the mix. But yes, there are basic fundamentals and principles we should know. We should know the science behind this whole Art. And then there are facts accomplished post thesis by great grammy winning mixing engineers. There can be plenty of tips and tricks available on internet. But knowing where to apply it and why to apply it, and what shall be gained by applying it is going to be the crucial part of decision making.

So here i conclude the teething problems i faced and most of the new beginners faced and could have possibly faced in their journey of mixing. I hope this blog will give you a clear perspective on those that occur in the initial stages of mixing. And that you will never learn to do it until you do it wrongly over time, until it turns out to be right. So stay confident, believe in yourself, stay focused and am sure you will get there some day! And mind you! That’s not the end of it! It’s just the beginning of one of those milestone achieved. The journey is quite long! So happy journey treading it! ” Live the Music in YOU! “- Ratna


Dil Mera Jaane Kyon | Ballad


Recorded,Arranged and Mixed Mastered by: Ratna Shah
Composed by : Riyaj Mulla and Ratna Shah
Singer: Swaroopnath Batra
Lyrics by: Riyaj Mulla
Produced by : Riyaj Mulla
Copyrights reserved with: Riyaj Mulla(11117/2017-cosr)

Ratna Shah | Lavender’s Blue Dilly Dilly | Cover

Loved producing this cover for Lavenders Blue Dilly Dilly from the movie Cindrella. Really happy to share this!

Sung by: Noshi Shah
Produced and mixed-mastered by RatnaShah

For more information visit www.ratnashah.com
Email: info@ratnashah.com

Follow me on :
Facebook: web.facebook.com/pages/Ratna-
Linkedin : www.linkedin.com/pub/ratna-sha
Twitter: twitter.com/ratnacomposer
SoundCloud: @ratnashah
Instagram: www.instagram.com/ratnacomposer/

Ratna Shah | Jodi Tor DakshuneKeu | Cover

Loved producing this cover for the very famous poem written by Rabindranath Tagore- Jodi Tor Dakshune Keu. Really happy to share this!

Produced and mixed-mastered by RatnaShah

For more information visit www.ratnashah.com
Email: info@ratnashah.com

Follow my music :
Facebook: web.facebook.com/pages/Ratna-
Linkedin : www.linkedin.com/pub/ratna-sha
Twitter: twitter.com/ratnacomposer
SoundCloud: @ratnashah
Instagram: www.instagram.com/ratnacomposer/

RatnaShah feat RahulBallal | ChuraLiyaHaiTumne | AcousticGuitarInstrumental

Here I am really happy  today to share my rendition of the very famous Bollywood Song- ChuraLiyaHaiTumne Feat Rahul Ballal This is a very soothing, calm, happy, yet groovy and very positive acoustic guitar instrumental bringing some flavors of piano, harmonica, violin and other instruments in the rearrangement of this track. Hope you will all like it!!

Free downloads available now on soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/…/churaliyahaitumne-acousticguitarin…

FLAME OF KNOWLEDGE- School Anthem Written and Composed by me




Lead me to the world of Light from the dark

Oh! Flame of Knowledge

Let the prism of colours from white embark

Oh! Flame of knowledge


In Mind you would flow,

And Lead us to Glow,

Endlessly, treading

Oh! Flame of knowledge!


Let the noble deeds of human kind begin!

Learn humble words that soothe chagrin!

Lets stand tall and shine from within!

Leave the Mark of our virtues like a Levin!


In Mind you would flow,

And Lead us to Glow,

Endlessly, treading

Oh! Flame of knowledge!


Let the closed doors of our mind open!

Let it sail in the ocean of wisdom!

Fiercely Through hail and the storms of ocean!

Let the burning flame lead us to propugn!


In Mind you would flow,

And Lead us to Glow,

Endlessly, treading

Oh! Flame of knowledge!

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Jingle Written and Composed by me For Folger’s Coffee!!!


Jingle Written and Composed

by me for Folger’s Coffee!!!

Wakey Wakey!
no drakey no drakey!
As I hit the floor,
i see that open door!
Aroma fills in,
So refreshing,
It’s heart warming,
this Sun light galore!!

pa para ….
These chirpy wings,
gliding high!
These golden hues..
soooo wanna(want to) paint the sky…
These bright flowers(buds)
uncurling by..
Sipping coffeee,
so perfect for this jive

The best part of waking up
is Folgers in your cup!

(Copyrights reserved)

Linkedin: http://www.linkedin.com/pub/ratna-shah/35/2a1/3b2
Twitter: https://twitter.com/ratnacomposer
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soundCloud: https://soundcloud.com/ratnashah
Instagram: https://instagram.com/ratnatrivedi123/

How Do You Compose?

How Do You Compose?

It’s like asking a poet, “How do you write a poetry?” or asking a painter, “How do you paint?”, or asking a sculptor, “How do you sculpt?”

Like we all know, everybody has a vocabulary, words available with them, but not everyone can write a poetry! Same way, you might give colours to someone, but not everyone can paint! With a heap of mud and clay, not everyone will be able to make a master piece of art work outta it!

Being able to compose at a very young age, i have come across this question , end number of times by even very learned people who have been pursuing music professionally and successfully but have not been able to compose though. Finally at the last instant , when again i was asked the same question, It just inspired me to write about it.

Creativity is usually inspired or driven by emotions. When we talk of the “How” of music or compositions, I can easily categorize them in to two. The third one, am going to tell you later!

First One, where a composition is born merely coz its driven by money, that we call commercial work. Money is the drive. Where one is paid to compose, with a preset theme, mood, situation and sometimes even lyrics. Here a composer’s emotions are not kept in to account, but a composer has a limited freedom to go and express his creativity. A composer might be going through happiness, but is asked to write a sad melodramatic piece of music. So there is no correlation between his emotions and the work he is asked to produce. Mostly all commercial work happen this way. There is a scheduled time frame too, where in he has to complete his work and produce. There is no vacation, once work is taken it has to be completed no matter what. This kind of composing can be frustrating at times for true composers. There is not much of satisfaction derived from such work, neither enough of creative freedom given. This kind of work is actually “work” created to sell and make money, keeping in mind the audience’s likes and their choices. Replicas of work are made to earn more, once the formula works.

Which is why in India, shows like Mtv Unplugged have become a favorite platform for accomplished music composers and directors. These people have expressed their views, on how it has become so vital for them to have a creative freedom and the satisfaction they gain out of it, which they don’t derive usually by doing commercial work.

The second situation, where a composition is born out of emotions. Like i said earlier, it is usually a manifestation of some emotional turmoils, sometimes an expression of pent up emotions, sometimes an inspiration from a story, an episode or an experience, or sometimes inspired by nature.

And now the third one, which i find really amusing to write, where composing is done by the “so-called” inspiration. Where a tune or a piece of music is being picked up from someone else’s creation and is used in to clubbing other loops and samples to create a self proclaimed composition. I won’t like to mention names, but these kind of people are in the industry who merrily pick up tunes from famous, or old international hit music records, sometimes folk tunes, sometimes even local and regional ones and fuse those scores in to their own remakes, putting up hits, and then making headlines on the front page, when being discovered of their so-called sin. Finally fighting over copyright issues and then paying dues to the original composer settling down by stuffing money to them or by finally rewarding the name to the original composer.

So, by now am sure, it is clear to all, when it comes to “How do you compose?”

All true writers, poets, painters, art creators, can relate to what i said. There is no such one line  answer to it, though i tried simplifying it. Coz, composing is a quality. Creating is a quality. Apart from learning the fundamentals and the science of music, composing is more about art and creativity. A very good composer needs both, the knowledge and the applied art aspect of the fundamentals learnt. Only those who possess a trait of a creative person, can go and create something. I can just say, usually these people are imaginative, dreamers, thinkers, sensitive, emotional, human, simplistic, minimalist and are touched deeply by very small things in life. Just the fact that core is the same in all, but what medium they pick up to express, makes them one!-  Scores or notes for a Composer , Words for a Writer or a Poet and Colors for a Painter and so on.

But then “How do you Compose? ” 🙂 Ha Ha!

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